The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is located in the face where the temporal bone (cheek bone) and the mandible (jaw bone) meet, often simply referred to as the jaw.
We have a TMJ on each side of the face and these can sometimes become sources of pain. When this occurs it is often referred to as ‘TMD’ or temporomandibular joint dysfunction. This is a catch all term which includes both intra-articular (joint and disc) and extra-articular (usually muscle, but also ligament and tendon) sources of pain.
TMD can be treated with many different physiotherapy techniques including manual therapy, electrotherapy, exercise and medical acupuncture (sometimes referred to as dry needling).